Refurbishing and recalibrating the fuel sending unit

 

Source:http://www.impalassforum.com/vBulletin/showthread.php?t=235185
By:  Sherlock9c1


Here's how you can return your original sending unit to as-new performance, get a REAL empty, and not have to add on any gimmicks like gas gauge correctors and whatnot.

I did this in mid 2007 on two B-bodies and it's still working perfectly on the original fuel pumps (with 149k and 163k miles) as of April 2012.

First, drop your fuel tank
and pull out the sending unit. NAPA carries an internal harness you will want to buy and install while you're doing this. It's less than $20. Airtex also makes one, AIRTEX Part # WH3000.

BEFORE you do anything else, remove all the rust off of the outside portion of your sending unit and paint it. I prefer to bake mine in the oven for 4 hours at low heat (170F) which really does a nice job curing the paint. Do not go any hotter than that or you will burn the paint. Where they sit in the vehicle, these sending units get no breeze and so they are very susceptible to corrosion because dirt, salt, and moisture just sit up there.

Okay, now that it's rustproofed, let's refurbish it:

Using an ohmmeter, ohm out your sending unit (purple and black wires) to see what it reads full (float up) and empty (float down). Factory spec is 90 full and 0 empty. Low fuel light comes on at 10 Ohms.
Mine was not doing well:



This is caused by a combination of things:
1. Lousy connections filled with gasoline varnish
2. corrosion and burn damage on the ends.
3. The stock GM resistor setup isn't always calibrated right. You'll see what I mean as we go.

Note that my Dremel was dead at the time so I did a lot of cleaning via "scraping" with a jeweler's screwdriver. You use whatever method you want to clean these metal areas I show in the pictures.

Look how heat-damaged my fuel pump wires were. See the insulation melted back?


Take the sending unit apart with a Torx bit:


Current is conducted through the spring to the resistor. Don't lose the spring.


Start cleaning every contact:
Dirty wiper: (be delicate on the wiper)


Clean wiper:


Clean the rotator connection any way you can. Here I'm pointing to it with a jeweler's screwdriver:


Fine sandpaper works well:


Clean where the spring mounts to the assembly:


Clean the corresponding resistor area with a pencil eraser:


Be VERY gentle with that resistor. The wire isn't real strong. If you break it, it's dead. Also clean the edge where the wiper rides.

Clean the harness connection:


Now, once everything is clean, put it back together and check EMPTY with your ohmmeter. If yours was like mine, it was still reading a lot of ohms, because the wiper never got close enough to the spring to have no resistance in the circuit path. In that case, you need to RECALIBRATE the resistor. If you're good with a soldering iron, this is no problem. Here's how to do it. Find the highest point on the resistor where the wiper travels. I showed mine with a pencil. Then, run a bead of solder all the way from that point up to the spring mount, so there is a direct, low-resistance path from the wiper to the spring when the gas tank is empty. NOTE that the jaw is NOT grabbing the resistor itself, but the plastic housing. Be gentle with that resistor wire!


Now, you need to run a bead of solder from the spring mount to that point. Use some good paste flux to make sure the wire is super clean so you get a good bond. Start at the mark and then work your way towards the spring mount. Be careful not to let the solder flow farther away, although all that will do is give you a slightly false low, which isn't really a bad thing. Cleaning carefully will ensure that the solder doesn't bond to anywhere you don't want it to (solder HATES dirty metal and refuses to bond to it). I'm just starting here (and the solder quality doesn't look too good - see how it's beading up?)


And now I'm done. See how the solder has flowed nicely onto the resistor wires? This is what you want to see.


Here's the finished product.


Now, bolt everything back together. Next step is to install the new harness. Here's some more tricks:
1. DO NOT install the plastic connector bodies. Just solder them directly to the top of the bulkhead like this:
No more vibration or contamination on these connections! Don't worry, they'll never need to come off. HOWEVER, for the fuel pump, cut the connectors off the ends of the leads, strip 1/4" of insulation off the wires, and solder them directly to the fuel pump leads side-by-side so if you ever need to replace the fuel pump, you just touch the hot soldering gun to the joint and the wires come right apart.

DO NOT heat-shrink any of these connections unless you have heat shrink tubing you KNOW is gasoline resistant. Most of them aren't, and if you're in doubt, just take a piece of what you have and put it in a little jar of gasoline and give it half an hour. If the surface feels gooey after the half-hour, it's not resistant. Honestly, you don't need to protect the connections. They don't move around any, so they won't touch. Mine have been in my two cars since 2007 with no problems.

Okay.. Moment of truth:
Check at the sender itself: Empty should read 0 Ohms:


 Excellent!

Check at the harness:
 
More Excellent!

Check the Full level:

 Wonderful!

Okay, you're all done. Take the sender and go plug it into the vehicle harness, then turn the ignition on. You can verify the gas gauge circuit is working by watching the gauge on the dash respond to you moving the float. Then bolt everything back together and put the fuel tank back in.

Notice how much higher pitched your fuel pump sounds! It's quite noticeable.

And that is how you "refurbish" your sending unit.


Comments From JonRobbinSS

I had to get a new sender unit this week, I was planning on doing this sender modification while I had everything out but when I went to replace my fuel pump I found the steel lines leaving the tank were rusted quite badly and I didn't like the way it looked..

So I called up my local AC Delco distributor and ordered the ACD#FLS1072 GM#19179521 which is the part number to supersedes the original 25028955

Looks like GM redesigned the sending unit, correcting everything that gave us issues with the old one.. Here are some pictures of the new unit.

The only contact that isn't well secured from varnish and corrosion is the one between the arm and resister and it appears to be self-cleaning.









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